It is the time for the world to join hands to stre

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Strengthen the global cooperation in plastic pollution control

release date: Source: Ministry of ecological environment

plastic pollution has become one of the most important environmental problems in the world. A 2017 study in progress of science magazine said that by the middle of 2017, the world had produced 8.3 billion tons of plastic; By 2015, about 6.3 billion tons of plastic waste had been generated, of which about 9% had been recycled, 12% incinerated, and 79% accumulated in landfills or the natural environment. The resulting marine garbage pollution is also serious. In December 2016, the 13th Conference of the parties to the Convention on biological diversity released the global marine garbage pollution research report, which showed that due to human dumping tons of shopping bags, fishing and other plastic waste into the sea every year, plastic waste currently accounts for 3/4 of marine garbage, and the sea polluted by plastic waste has made nearly 400 species of marine organisms face a survival crisis. According to a new study published in the biological Bulletin of the Royal Society in July 2020, the research team found a trace of polystyrene fragments in the body of Collembola in Antarctic soil, confirming that microplastics have reached the terrestrial food chain in the most remote areas on earth

first, the world is facing an increasingly serious problem of plastic pollution. The international community pays high attention to plastic pollution

the pollution of marine garbage and plastic waste has become an important topic in international organizations and conferences in recent years. The United Nations Environment assembly (unea) attaches great importance to the issue of marine plastic waste and microplastics. As the highest decision-making mechanism for global environmental issues, it mainly discusses and makes decisions on global environment and sustainable development issues. In order to solve the problem of plastic pollution, the United Nations Environment assembly has made resolutions on the formation of plastic waste and marine micro plastics in its four sessions. From the emphasis on the importance of the principle of pollution prevention of plastic products in the first United Nations Environment Conference to the encouragement of reducing unnecessary plastic production and use at the Third United Nations Environment Conference, the international community has paid more and more attention to plastic waste, especially marine micro plastics and disposable plastic products. At the Fourth United Nations Environment Conference held in March 2019, countries considered and adopted two resolutions directly aimed at the problem of plastic waste, namely, marine plastic waste and micro plastics and the treatment of pollution from disposable plastic products, marking the determination of the international community to take practical actions step by step on the problem of plastic waste and promote global cooperation, and also pointing out the direction for countries to further carry out plastic waste treatment

In addition, other multilateral organizations and frameworks also attach great importance to the important effects of plastic pollution on the effective application of materials, the improvement of processes, the improvement of product quality, the reduction of costs, and the guarantee of product safety and reliability. For example, in 2015, the joint statement of the G7 summit opened in Germany mentioned the issue of plastic waste, proposed to reduce the emission of plastic waste as much as possible, and discussed the necessity of recycling. In December 2019, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) green supply chain cooperation network meeting put forward the "blue citizens" initiative, calling on every citizen to advocate an environment-friendly lifestyle and consciously reduce garbage generation from the source, thereby reducing marine garbage and plastic pollution

The Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal is the most comprehensive international environmental agreement on hazardous wastes and other wastes. At present, there are 187 parties, including China, and it has global universality, The overall objective of the Convention is to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of hazardous wastes and other wastes

in May 2019, the 14th Conference of the parties to the Convention considered and adopted the amendment to the Basel Convention on plastic waste, which included non recyclable and contaminated plastic waste into the controlled scope of the Convention. The State Party should adopt measures such as source reduction, environmentally sound management and transboundary movement control. At the same time, the fourteenth conference of the parties considered and adopted the "further action against plastic waste under the Basel Convention", and put forward a global management plan for plastic waste from the perspective of the whole life cycle, including green design and production of plastic products, transboundary movement control of plastic waste and environmentally sound management. The relevant resolutions of the Basel Convention have brought the global management and control of plastic waste into a practical stage, and the global framework for the prevention and control of plastic waste pollution has been basically established

III. The "plastic restriction" of the notice has gradually become a global consensus, and countries have formulated and issued prohibition and restriction orders

in addition to international organizations, many countries and regions have also formulated and promulgated mandatory laws and regulations related to plastic pollution control. For example, in 2017, the Australian government passed the Queensland waste reduction and recycling amendment, which prohibits retailers from distributing plastic bags except for film bags used in the transportation of perishable food. At the beginning of June, 2018, following the comprehensive ban on plastic bags, the Kenyan government announced that it would ban all disposable plastic products in the designated "protected areas" by June 5, 2020. In October, 2018, the UK proposed to implement a new tax on those plastic packaging manufacturers or importers whose content of renewable materials is less than 30% from April, 2020. On January 1st, 2020, France passed the plastic Ban Act of the energy transformation and promotion of green growth act. The new act puts forward quantitative goals for banning disposable plastic products and reducing plastic pollution, and plans a road map for the total prohibition of disposable plastic products. On March 11, 2020, the European Commission adopted the new version of the "circular economy action plan", which will put the concept of circular economy throughout the product life cycle, take plastics as one of the seven key areas, and formulate mandatory requirements for plastic recycling content and waste reduction measures of key products such as packaging, building materials and vehicles. On June 30, 2020, the Korean Environment Agency issued a new plastic restriction order, which stipulates that the import restrictions on waste plastics (PET, PE, PP, PS contrary to traditional organic chips) will be implemented from June 30. On July 1st, 2020, Japan began to implement the regulation of providing plastic bags with compensation, which requires all retail stores to charge when providing plastic bags, and the price of plastic bags will be decided by the merchants themselves

IV. following the pace of international plastic pollution control, China's "plastic restriction order" policy has been upgraded.

from 2007, China proposed the "plastic restriction order", to 2017, China proposed the "Prohibition of foreign garbage entry", and China continues to pay attention to the problem of plastic pollution. Following the international pace of accelerating the treatment of plastic pollution, on January 19, 2020, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of ecological environment jointly issued the "opinions on Further Strengthening the treatment of plastic pollution" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions"). The introduction of the "opinions" is not only an upgraded version of the "plastic restriction order", which gets rid of the previous "price leverage" dependence, but also has a larger coverage and stronger operability. Unlike previous policies that only stipulate individual links and fields, the policy measures proposed in the opinions basically cover the production, circulation, use and recycling of plastic products. It is very simple to get the number of times each word appears in the document, the whole process of disposal and each link, reflecting the systematization and integrity of the whole life cycle management, which is conducive to the establishment and formation of a long-term mechanism for the treatment of plastic pollution

similar to the global plastic pollution control focus that 40% to 60% of our body heat is dissipated by infrared radiation, the Opinions also follows the 3R principle, and aims to solve the problems related to the pollution of plastic products through three routes: reduction, recycling and recycling from the source, namely the prohibition route, recycling route and alternative route. In the line of prohibition and limitation, the opinions put forward the scope of prohibition and limitation, gradually promote the goal of source reduction, and carry out prohibition and limitation work by regions and steps. In the recycling route, the opinions emphasizes the need to achieve plastic pollution control through standardized recycling, recycling and putting recycling facilities in key areas. In the alternative route, the opinions put forward relevant measures to promote the application of alternative products. At the same time, fiscal, tax, standards, science and technology and other supporting measures will also be further refined and introduced to form a plastic pollution control system with the participation of the whole people and the linkage between the upper and lower levels. In the wave of global treatment of plastic pollution, the front wave is not far away, and the back wave has arrived. To solve the problem of plastic pollution, the world needs to work together to deal with it

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